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Types Of Water Bodies For Preschoolers and Kids

Water is an essential part of our life. It’s a necessity. From drinking water to stay hydrated to brushing your teeth, water is involved in most of the things we do, in some shape or the other. Therefore, it is important that children must know about the different types of water bodies that exist on our planet.


In this article, we have covered the information on bodies of water for preschoolers and different types of water bodies that kids must know about. Let’s read!


What Is A Water Body?

Water body refers to any collection of water and is generally used to refer to relatively large collections of water, like oceans, seas, lakes, rivers, and streams.


Different Types of Water Bodies That Kids Must Be Aware Of

In this section, we have covered types of water bodies on Earth that you can teach your children about.

1. Ocean


Oceans are the biggest water bodies on Earth which cover more than 70% of the Earth’s surface. The entire marine saltwater ultimately ends up in the World’s Oceans. Our continents are arranged in such a way that it makes it easier for us to differentiate between specific ocean basins. Therefore, looking at this distinction, the Pacific Ocean is the largest one, followed by the Atlantic Ocean and the Indian Ocean, respectively. Finally, we have the Southern Ocean and then the Arctic Ocean. Humans are dependent on oceans in various ways, such as we get food from them and use them as a channel of transportation, and it also has an impact on the water cycle.


2. Sea


Seas are the coastal reaches of the oceans where they are surrounded by land masses. Most sea water bodies directly connect to the ocean. The water in these water bodies is made up of salt water. A few names of seas would be the Mediterranean, Norwegian, Arabian, Bering and so on. The sea is useful in many ways. The sea is a rich source of seafood, works as a channel for transportation, etc.

3. Lake


Lakes are the next largest water bodies after seas. This water body is always completely surrounded by land, except for a river that feeds or drains the lake. A lake can be a saltwater or freshwater lake. Lakes can be formed for different reasons, such as formed by retreating glaciers that carved up the land or movements of tectonic plates. Some famous lakes are Lake Superior, Dal Lake, and Lake Victoria.


4. Pond


Ponds refer to freshwater bodies that are generally man-made. A pond is surrounded by land on all sides and is smaller than a lake. This water body plays a crucial role in many ecosystems as they support amphibians, like frogs and salamanders.

5. River


The river is a flowing water body that empties into a sea or an ocean. This type of water body is a freshwater body which originates in mountainous areas or raised areas. Rivers can be of two types – snow-fed rivers and rain-fed rivers. Rivers are an important source of water as well as energy and are used greatly for transportation purposes and as fishing grounds. Some examples of rivers are River Nile in Africa, River Amazon in South America, River Mississippi, Congo, Mackenzie and more.


6. Lagoon


A lagoon is a shallow water body of saltwater along a coastal area. This type of water body is separated from the open sea by sand, rocks, or vegetation. Lagoons are common in coastal environments. An example of a lagoon in India is Lake Chilika.

7. Glacier


Glaciers are referred to as frozen water bodies. These are the only water bodies that move slowly, similar to frozen rivers. These glaciers are millions of years old and are sources of freshwater.


8. Brook


Brook or bourne is a small stream. This type of water body has a current and is smaller than rivers. This water body has a constant water flow, where fishes can also be found.

9. Canal


Canals are man-made water bodies that were traditionally created to allow boats and other vessels to travel between two major water bodies. This type of water body was particularly used in the years before the widespread construction of railroads and the advent of the motor vehicle. Some of the most well-known canals are the Panama Canal, the Suez Canal, etc.


10. Reservoir


The reservoir is a human-created lake and can be found in areas with hydroelectric dams, which are designed to dam up the outflow of a river. Most ancient reservoirs were created to supply drinking water and for irrigation purposes.

Water Bodies Chart for Kids

Did you know that there are several types of water bodies found on earth? If you study the world map, you will see that a major part of the world is covered by large water bodies, called oceans. There are many other large and even smaller bodies of water that you will come across in various regions of the world. Let us identify a few common natural water bodies:


Water Bodies

Not just this, there are many more types of water bodies on Earth, and each of which is stunning and unique in its own way. Before going into the detail of those water bodies, teach your little one about the ones mentioned above. We are sure they’ll want to learn about more such water bodies.

Also Read:

Sea Animals for Preschoolers and Children
Animal Names for Preschoolers and Kids in English
How to Teach Means Of Transport to Children

Shaili Contractor
Shaili's experience as a features writer and content editor has given her the opportunity to explore Indian brands and labels, music, art, restaurants and unique experiences that appeal to the new-age reader. From managing city operations to working on the product (both website and app), she has been trained to handle varied tasks. From her first stint as a journalist to dabbling in advertising, and then moving back to her first love - writing - she has had the chance to interact with many interesting people and sniff out stories that hold value. Shaili is currently a Senior Content Manager at FirstCry, Asia's favourite baby and kids platform. Previously, Shaili worked as an AGM at Little Black Book or LBB, a leading discovery-led and e-commerce platform in India. In her free time, she likes to read, write short stories and poetry, and play with her beloved four-legged fur buddy. Education & Specialization: B.A. Economics Honours, Diploma in Journalism from Asian College of Journalism. Years of Experience: 11 years of experience
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