Learning English as a language involves a lot more than just understanding words and phrases. Verbs play a huge role in understanding English, as they define the action that the subject is doing or performing.
The ‘To Do’ verb in the English language is a very common verb form, but can also get a little tricky to use in terms of conjugation. It might get a little tricky for kids to begin using this, but it doesn’t have to be!
In this article, we understand everything there is to know about this type of verb, and how we can also use them in sentences, what the different meanings are, the different tenses, etc. Let’s jump straight in!
Meaning Of The Verb “To Do”
The English verb “ To Do” has two different meanings –
1. One – when it is used as the main verb – it means to perform a said action or to prepare something.
2. For the second meaning, it is used as an auxiliary verb, where it doesn’t have a meaning per se, but whenever this verb is mentioned, one of the two words that are most likely to come up are ‘do’ or ‘does’.
These are both used as a present form of the verb “To Do”, the difference is that one is used with a particular pronoun and the other is used with another pronoun. Both have the same type of use and meanings. This depends on the function the verb has in the particular sentence.
Examples Of The Verb “To Do”
Let us look at some interesting examples of the verb “ To Do” below –
- Can you do me a favour? Yes, tell me!
- How do you make this work?
- How are you doing today? I’m doing great, thank you for asking me!
- I do clean my room quite often!
- They do their chores when they come home on Sundays.
- She likes to do charity work.
Different Forms Of The Verb “To Do”
Here are the different forms of the verb “To Do” that can be used –
1. Simple Present Form: Do/Does
This is one of the most common forms of the verb and is used to make the simple present of “To Do” or to form the present tense. Depending on what the subject is, there are two types of ways to write this – do and does.
- I do
- You do
- He/She/It does
- We do
- You do
- They do
Examples Of The Verb “To Do” In Simple Present Tense
- I do like to eat meat once a week.
- He does the dishes every night, as a rule.
- They do volunteer work once a month.
2. Simple Past Form: Did
The past form of this verb is ‘did’. It is usually used to ask questions and make negative or affirmative sentences in the simple past form.
- I did
- You did
- He/She/It did
- We did
- You did
- They did
Examples Of The Verb “To Do” In Simple Past Form
- I did drink the juice.
- Did you go to work today?
- We did go for a picnic last Saturday.
- How did you manage to break this toy?
- Did you go to the gym today?
3. Past Participle Of “To Do”: Done
The past participle of the verb “To Do” is the word – Done. This is used to show an action that is complete. It can also be used as an adjective when a person wants to express that something has been completed.
Examples Of The Verb “To Do” In Past Participle
- Are you done with your work today?
- I am done sleeping!
- I have done it – I got the highest marks today!
4. Progressive Tense Of “To Do”
The progressive tense of the verb “To Do” is for a continuous activity that began sometime in the past and still continues in the present (or has just been finished very recently).
- Am doing
- Are doing
- Is doing
Examples Of The Verb “To Do” In The Progressive Tense
- I have been doing this dance move for 4 years now.
- Michael has been doing great at school!
- Don’t worry; you are doing great!
5. Future Tense Form Of “To Do”: Will Do
The future form of this verb is created with the word ‘will’ and the verb ‘do’ joined together. It is used to speak about things or actions that are yet to happen in the future.
- I will do
- You will do
- He/She/It will do
- We will do
- They will do
Examples Of The Verb “To Do” In Future Tense
- Yes, I will do this work today.
- They will do the needful when we ask them to.
- She will do it differently if you ask her.
6. Negative Sentences With The Verb “To Do”
Since a lot of the verbs do not have negative sides of their own, their negative forms are crated and built over time with the “To Do” verb. The negative of the “To Do” verb in simple present is do not or don’t and does not or doesn’t. It is – did not or didn’t in simple past.
- I do not – I don’t – I didn’t
- He/She/It does not – He/She/It doesn’t – He/She/It didn’t
- We do not – We don’t – We didn’t
- You do not – You don’t – You didn’t
- They do not – They don’t – They didn’t
Examples Of The Verb “To Do” With Negative Sentences
- No, you didn’t clean your room today.
- They do not like to eat vegetables.
- She doesn’t like to sing!
- I don’t miss my old home at all.
- We do not drink water from this tap.
Yes or No Questions With The Verb “To Do”
It’s important that children understand how to frame questions using this verb, and we have a list of questions that can help them understand how to construct them and think of ways to ask more questions using the same verb.
Let us now look at some questions with this verb –
- Do you like chocolate? Yes, I do!
- Did he visit the palace when he visited Paris? Yes, he made it a point to go there.
- Didn’t she say she likes to sing? No, she didn’t, she said she likes to dance.
- Does this dog like to play catch? Yes, it does!
- Do I like to eat sushi? Yes, I do!
- Doesn’t she go to sleep every afternoon? Yes, it’s a 2-hour nap.
- Does he like to swim in the pool? No, he still needs to learn how to swim.
Wh Questions With The Verb “To Do”
When we talk about creating wh-questions, the structure is very simple, depending on if it is the past or present. You just need to add “To Do” in front of every subject. Let us look at some examples below.
- When do you go to bed?
- What is your favourite colour?
- Why is the Earth round and not flat?
- Who is the father of our nation?
- Where all did you go on a holiday?
- When does she go back to school?
- What are primary colours?
- Who is your favourite person?
- Which breed of dog is this?
- Why aren’t you wearing a sweater?
- What is your favourite toy?
- Why don’t you go out and play?
Activities That Will Help Your Kids Learn The Verb “To Do”
Learning more about this particular verb is important for every child so that they can improve their English and make meaningful sentences. Let us look at some activities to make this easier for them –
1. The Yes & No Game
This is a super fun game to play wit your little ones! All you have to do is draw pictures of people doing different thing, or if you have flashcards on different professions, this gets to be more fun. Just pick up one card or a drawing and ask your child if the subject is doing something or not.
Eg: Is he painting a picture of a house? Yes, he is!
2. The Question Game
Another fun game to try with your little one is the question game, where you say a sentence and they need to convert it into a question.
Eg: She played with her cat yesterday. The question is – Did she play with her cat yesterday?
3. Passing The Parcel
In this activity, ask your little one to ask a question with ‘to do’ in it, and in turn, whoever they ask this question to will have to answer using the same verb. It’s a fun way to make them understand different ways of using this verb, and what makes it fun is the fact that everyone can get as creative as they want!