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Makar Sankranti – 10 Lines, Short And Long Essay For Children

Every year, Makar Sankranti is celebrated on the 14th of January. The festival name consists of two words ‘Makar’ and ‘Sankranti’. Makar means the Capricorn zodiac, and Sankranti means transition. So, putting it together, Makar Sankranti marks the change of the Sun into Makar or Capricorn Zodiac. According to Hindu tradition, it is a very auspicious occasion. On this day, several devotees offer prayers to the Sun God after taking a dip in holy rivers across the country.


Since it is such a sacred festival, why not know it a little better! We can do this by writing an essay on Makar Sankranti in English. Essay writing is easy to learn because no rules bind it, making it simpler for children to follow. It is the best way to introduce writing to a child. Let’s begin!


Key Points To Note: Essay On Makar Sankranti For Lower Primary Classes

No major writing rules govern essay writing; you can write an essay by learning some basic facts and pieces of information. Here are some tips to keep the essay simple and yet leave a mark:

  • Start by writing a good introduction.
  • Decide on the number of words and flow of your writing.
  • Divide the article into a suitable number of paragraphs.
  • Break the section at the right time to keep the reader’s interest intact.
  • Write down the remaining paragraphs, continuing with the idea and the flow.
  • Always be systematic while writing.

10 Lines On Makar Sankranti For Kids

We’ll first learn to write down points about a given topic. The example below can serve as an essay on Makar Sankranti for classes 1 and 2:

  1. Makar Sankranti is celebrated with great vigour throughout the nation, and is celebrated on the 14th of January every year.
  2. The festival is famous for flying kites. You will witness the sky painted with beautiful kites on this day.
  3. Once every 12 years, Kumbh Mela is organised to celebrate this grand festival. Millions of people visit Prayagraj to witness this huge mela and take a bath in the holy river Ganga. 
  4. People devour delicious sweets made of til and jaggery on this day.
  5. In Karnataka, on Makar Sakranti, the tradition of exchanging delicacies is called Ellu Birodhu.
  6. People celebrate Makar Sankranti with different names in different states of India. ‘Pongal’ for South India, ‘Magh Bihu’ in Assam, and ‘Khichdi’ in Bihar.
  7. From the Makar Sankranti day, the winter season begins to fade. Also, the days become longer.
  8. Makar Sankranti celebrations mark the beginning of the harvest season in India.
  9. Makar Sankranti is also celebrated in Nepal with the name Maghe Sankranti. It marks the end of the inauspicious period in Hindu tradition: Poush.
  10. This festival is dedicated to the Sun God, who radiates heat and light to support life on Earth.

Essay on Makar Sankranti - 10 Lines, Short and Long Essay For ChildrenA Paragraph On Makar Sankranti For Children

Now we know how to write down a topic in points. To understand building a flow, we must learn to write in paragraphs. First, we will try to write about Makar Sankranti in a single section. 


Makar Sankranti is celebrated with full zeal on the 14th of January every year. It marks the transition of the sun god into the zodiac Capricorn or Makar. Kite flying is the main tradition of this festival. In many places, kite-flying competitions are organised to enhance the fun factor. And, the sweets! People distribute happiness by sharing ladoos made of jaggery and til. People also eat gajak and chikki on this day. To maintain happiness and prosperity in life, people donate sweets and wheat to needy people. The entire nation observes this festival with different names. Although different states celebrate it with different names, the main aim behind the celebration is to spread peace, harmony, prosperity, and happiness.

Short Essay On Makar Sankranti In English For Kids

Let’s learn how to club paragraphs together to make an essay. This short essay on Makar Sankranti is good for classes 1, 2 and 3. Here goes:


Makar Sankranti has a mythological significance in Hindu tradition. According to Indian Mythology, there lived a powerful Goddess: Sankranti, and she defeated a demon called Sankarasur. People believe that Makar Sankranti celebrates this win. The next day, she killed another demon called Kinkarant, and you can find the mention of this event in the Hindu Almanac.

Apart from this, Makar Sankranti has an astrological significance too. On this day, the Sun transitions into Makar or Capricorn zodiac. From this day, winters also become less harsh, the sun starts moving north, and days become a little longer. This movement of the sun is called Uttarayan. People make sweets of til and jaggery and fly kites to celebrate this day!


Long Essay On Makar Sankranti For Children

Now, we are ready to put more ideas together to write a longer essay. We’ll add up different ideas to build an article. We can mark different views as subheads, and if you combine them without subheads, it can be an essay for class 3.

Meaning And Significance Of Makar Sankranti

Makar means the zodiac Capricorn and Sankranti is the transition of sun in the Makar Zodiac. So this festival signifies the change of the sun into Capricorn. It represents the end of the inauspicious period called Poush in the Hindu calendar. Hindus take a holy dip in rivers, ideally the river Ganga on the morning of the festival.  Post Makar Sankranti, the long winter nights also get shorter.


Once in 12 years, Makar Sankranti Kumbh Mela is organised in UP. People take a dip in Triveni Sangam, where the Yamuna, Ganga, and Saraswati rivers meet.

How Is Makar Sankranti Celebrated In Different Parts of India?

Makar Sankranti is celebrated in different styles by different states in India. But the common idea behind celebration is to spread love, happiness, and prosperity. Most Hindus pray the sun god while taking a dip in holy rivers like Ganga Sagar. Kite flying is the most commonly followed tradition of this festival. Some generally prepared food items on this day are sweets made of sesame seeds, jaggery, fried grams, dry coconut, and groundnut. Different states and their celebrations:


Telangana And Andhra Pradesh 

People celebrate Makar Sankranti for four days here. Women decorate their home entrance by drawing geometric patterns with coloured rice flour called Muggu.



It is called Khichdi or Sakraat in Western Bihar. Rest of Bihar calls it Dahi Chura or Til Sakraat. In these places, people mix and eat dahi and poha.


Makar Sankranti is called Uttarayan in Gujarat. It is celebrated for two days here: 14th and 15th January.


For farmers, it is Suggi or harvest festival in Karnataka. Girls adorn new clothes on this day and visit their relatives with offerings on a plate, and this ritual is named Ellu Birodhu.


It is a major festival in Rajasthan. People celebrate it by making Rajasthani delicacies like pheeni, til-patti, ghevar, kheer, puwa, and til-laddoo.

Uttar Pradesh 

Makar Sankranti is called Kicheri, and people do ritual bathing on this day. Millions of people gather at Varanasi or Prayagraj in UP and Haridwar in Uttarakhand for holy bathing.

What Will Your Child Learn From This Essay?

With slowly dying traditions in the nation, it is important that kids know about these festivities and follows them. This write-up is an insight into the festival of Makar Sankranti. Besides learning about this festival, the kids will learn how to write an essay efficiently. The child might also develop an interest in reading and writing.


1. What is Makar Sankranti And Why Is It Celebrated?

It is a famous festival celebrated by Hindus in India. It is harvest time in India, and people offer thanks for keeping their land fertile.

2. Why Do People Wear Black Clothes On Makar Sankranti? 

It is because Makar Sankranti falls in January, which is very cold during that time in India. Since black absorbs heat and keeps us warm, people wear black clothes.

We hope this post helped your child learn essay-writing. Also, the article would have enhanced your knowledge about Makar Sankranti.

Also Read:

Essay on Dussehra for Class 1, 2 and 3 Kids
Essay on Diwali for Class 1, 2 & 3 Children
How to Write An Essay on Raksha Bandhan for Lower Primary Class Kids

Shraddha Mishra
Writer, journalist and content creator, she has worked across several publications. She takes a keen interest in travel, food and culture. A new mother, she loves talking about her parenting journey and watching her toddler play, learn and grow. When not working, you will find her watching a movie or web series, or reading a novel, chasing a good story everywhere.


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