At some point in time or other, children must learn about the capitals of the world. There are close to 190 countries and seven continents on Earth. We all will agree that it is not easy to learn and remember the name of all the countries and capitals in one go. Therefore, children should be taught about the names of continents, countries and their capitals from a young age to make the learning process easy for them.
In this article, we have covered the name of continents, the name of countries along with their capitals, some fun activities to teach your little one about countries and capitals and some FAQs related to different countries and continents of the world.
Continue reading to learn about how to teach your little one the capitals of countries in English.
Why Does Your Child Need To Learn About World Capitals?
Learning about the world capitals will help the children in the following ways:
- It helps them gain knowledge about the world.
- It helps them sharpen their geography skills.
- It builds the foundation for countries and capitals, which will later help them academically.
How Many Total Countries Are There In The World?
There are in all 195 countries in the world today. This number comprises 193 countries that are member states of the United Nations and 2 countries that are non-member observer states – the Holy See and the State of Palestine.
List Of Countries And Capitals For Kids
Below are the seven continents and a list of total countries in the world and their capitals. You can easily teach your little one about continents and countries with the help of this list. Let’s get started!
Continents are also referred to as landmasses. There are a total of seven continents in the world. Below are the names of the continents of the world. Asia has the highest population with approx. 4.4 billion people are living on the continent alone. Africa contains 54 countries containing about 27% of the world’s total countries.
- North America
- South America
Countries With Capitals
The word ‘capital’ comes from the Latin word caput, meaning ‘head’. Each country has a capital that acts as the head of the state. Let’s have a look at the country names and capitals of countries. Don’t be surprised if you find that a country has more than one capital.
|Andorra||Andorra la Vella|
|Antigua and Barbuda||Saint John’s|
|Bolivia||La Paz (administrative); Sucre (judicial)|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||Sarajevo|
|Brunei||Bandar Seri Begawan|
|Burund||Gitega (changed from Bujumbura in December 2018)|
|Central African Republic||Bangui|
|Republic of the Congo||Brazzaville|
|Democratic Republic of the Congo||Kinshasa|
|Costa Rica||San Jose|
|Cote d’Ivoire||Yamoussoukro (official); Abidjan (de facto)|
|Dominican Republic||Santo Domingo|
|East Timor (Timor-Leste)||Dili|
|El Salvador||San Salvador|
|Myanmar (Burma)||Rangoon (Yangon); Naypyidaw or Nay Pyi Taw (administrative)|
|Nauru||No official capital; government offices in Yaren District|
|Netherlands||Amsterdam; The Hague (seat of government)|
|Papua New Guinea||Port Moresby|
|Saint Kitts and Nevis||Basseterre|
|Saint Vincent and the Grenadines||Kingstown|
|San Marino||San Marino|
|Sao Tome and Principe||Sao Tome|
|South Africa||Pretoria (administrative); Cape Town (legislative); Bloemfontein (judiciary)|
|Sri Lanka||Colombo; Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte (legislative)|
|Tanzania||Dar es Salaam; Dodoma (legislative)|
|Trinidad and Tobago||Port-of-Spain|
|Tuvalu||Vaiaku village, Funafuti province|
|United Arab Emirates||Abu Dhabi|
|United States of America||Washington, D.C.|
|Vatican City (Holy See)||Vatican City|
Activities To Teach Your Kids About Countries And Their Capitals
Everything is easy to learn and understand when taught in a fun, entertaining way. Here are some activities that will help your child to learn about countries and their capitals.
1. Teach With Puzzles
Get your child the jigsaw puzzles of different continents and countries to make it easy for your child to learn about the name of countries and continents.
2. Atlas Game
A perfect game to learn the names of various countries and capitals. Start with any country name, and your child has to say the name of a country, continent or capital that ends with the last letter of the previous word. For example, if you will say Dubai, your child has to say a name that starts with the letter I, like Italy.
3. Point On The Globe
Get a small globe for your child and start teaching them in an easy and fun way. First, teach to your child the name of some easy countries and where they are located on the globe. Now, quiz your little one. Give them a name of a country and ask them to point it on the globe.
1. Which Country Has 3 Capitals?
South Africa has three capitals, with the executive, judicial and legislative branches of government based in Pretoria, Bloemfontein, and Cape Town, respectively.
2. Do Continents Have Their Own Capital?
No. Only countries have capitals. Continents don’t have capitals.
3. Which Is The Biggest Country In The World?
Russia is the biggest country in the world.
4. Which Is The Smallest Country In The World Map?
Vatican City is the smallest country on the world map.